Only a small group within the clerk’s office m88 เข้าไม่ได้ has access to the documents, which are kept from the public and opposing parties.. His parents, Charles and Anna Cobb, and step-daughter, Monica Namnard, each are pleading guilty to one count of the gambling misdemeanor.
The government abandoned the civil forfeiture efforts after the Cobbs were indicted and sought to keep the seized money through the criminal proceedings.
Following the raid, the government launched secret civil forfeiture proceedings seeking court permission to keep the $13.2 million even though no criminal charges had been filed against the Cobb family.
In a lengthy decision made public in October, Ferenbach ripped federal prosecutors for filing two civil forfeiture actions under a little-known court process, called super sealing, that gave no notice to the Cobbs or anyone else.
Government documents filed under super seal, a procedure overseen by the federal clerk’s office, are stored in the court’s vault and not loaded into the electronic case management system. District Judge Richard Boulware II on Monday — bring an end to the IRS-led investigation that attracted public attention after a federal magistrate judge criticized secret government efforts to pry away the millions seized from the Cobb family.
The family’s now-defunct company that ran the betting operation, Lycur, is pleading guilty to a felony charge of transmission of wagering information.
“This is unacceptable,” Ferenbach wrote. Follow him on Twitter @JGermanRJ
IRS agents had been investigating the Cobbs since 2002, but the investigation first hit the courts after a December 2013 raid where agents seized $10.5 million from investment and bank accounts belonging to the Cobbs, along with computers, hard drives, cellphones and other property.
A top Las Vegas sports bettor and his family have struck deals with the government to plead guilty in a long-running investigation of a multimillion-dollar illegal betting operation.
Ferenbach said super sealing led to a level of secrecy in the Cobb investigation normally reserved for cases that threaten public safety or national security.
U.S. Magistrate Judge Cam Ferenbach had issued a written decision blasting the government’s use of the courts in the clandestine forfeiture campaign.
Contact reporter Jeff German at email@example.com or 702-380-8135. Secret Service agents separately seized $2.7 million from two safes at Glen Cobb’s home.
Glen Cobb has agreed to plead guilty to two counts of the misdemeanor accessory after the fact to the crime of transmission of wagering information. He and his family members also were charged with another felony, conspiring to unlawfully structure $2.6 million in casino and bank transactions to hide money from the IRS.
Court documents detailing the plea agreements have not yet been filed publicly.
The case attracted notoriety after a Las Vegas Review-Journal story in October disclosed that U.S.
A new indictment in February added five more felony counts of transmission of wagering information against Cobb, who was alleged to have conducted his betting activity with the help of offshore sports books.
Following the Review-Journal story, court officials said they changed the name of super sealing to “special processing,” but made no other changes to the secretive procedures used to withhold information from the public.
The pleas — scheduled to take place before U.S. “Relying on various sealed and super-sealed filings, the government asks the court to rule against private citizens, allow the deprivation of their property and deny them a process to redress possible violations of their constitutional rights through a secret government action that provides no notice or opportunity to be heard.”
All of the defendants have agreed to forfeit $4.3 million of the $13.2 million the government seized from them in 2013.
In June a grand jury charged Cobb with the felony of conducting an illegal gambling business
This was about making a splash. That much was clear from the Paddy Power branding.
We’re talking here about David Ginola. Tuning in for results of football betting pools, which offered big jackpots for small stakes, was a Saturday afternoon ritual for many 20th Century English families.. There’s nothing funny about the gambling industry’s latest wheeze to sink its teeth even deeper into football and its fans.
“I’m here today to talk about love m88a” were the Frenchman’s seductive opening words at his campaign launch in London this month.
And that isn’t funny at all.
“It just makes like a mockery of football.”
“It’s an absolute disgrace,” he said in a phone interview.
That is the message that football, more than most other sports, is mainlining into our homes, helped by names like Ginola and teams lending their cachet, stadiums, jerseys and players to the industry that had cash to splash when the 2008 financial crisis hobbled other sponsors.
Twaddle takes a very dim view of Ginola’s Paddy Power-backed grab for FIFA.
And how about this blurb from Sky Bet, title sponsor since 2013 of England’s three divisions below the Premier League. So silky as a player for Newcastle and Tottenham; so ridiculous now with his car-crash campaign for the FIFA presidency.
Whoa. “There’s more passion, more pleasure and more pain.”
Bet. The increase was three-fold for children aged 4-15.
Sports and gambling have, of course, long gone together, feeding off each other’s success and growth. But the mere thought of the gambling industry even attempting to place a stooge at the very top of football makes the prospect of another Blatter term seem perhaps not quite so bad.
All this in a sport grappling with the increasing danger of gambling-related match-fixing and with ample examples of gambling-addicted players who frittered away their wealth.
PARIS – Don’t laugh. What ever happened to sport for sport’s sake, for the buzz of competition, not a bet? How quaint. Bet again. Write to him at firstname.lastname@example.org or follow him at http://twitter.com/johnleicester
Sport “matters more when there’s money on it,” it says. Villa’s shirt sponsor is dafabet, a name that works better in Chinese, where “dafa” means “big wealth.” Stoke and Burnley players are billboards for Bet365 and Fun88 (another name that plays on the Chinese word to get rich).
Ginola has zero chance of unseating Sepp Blatter. Bet some more.
Asking your kids to make tea during half-time breaks won’t shield them from the bombardment, not with gambling ads flashing throughout matches on pitch-side light-boards. That was before online bookmakers offered odds on anything and everything, from match results and goals scored to which team will win the coin toss or take the first corner, and before their relentless advertising.
One of those is Kevin Twaddle, a former player for Motherwell and other Scottish clubs who told his story in the biography, “Life On The Line: How to Lose a Million and So Much More.” He no longer gambles and has delivered talks to other players about the risks.
Imagine, for a moment, a Paddy Power-financed FIFA president. Hull against Aston Villa on Feb. In the UK, which liberalized gambling advertising in 2007, adults’ exposure to gambling commercials on television soared five-fold in eight years to 2012, regulator Ofcom found. FIFA’s election and ethics rules will almost certainly keep him off the May ballot. “It’s great for Paddy Power. It won’t happen; FIFA’s ethics rules should see to that. After Thursday’s passing of the entry deadline, “Team Ginola” should fade away.
“It’s eyeballs we’re after,” 12Bet executive Rory Anderson, quoted in the Daily Mail, said when the online bookmaker became the name on Hull City’s shirt for this Premier League season.
But that’s not the point here. It reads like a plug for Fifty Shades of Grey.
John Leicester is an international sports columnist for The Associated Press. 10 will pit two Asian online bookmakers against each other. In pocketing 250,000 pounds (335,000 euros; US$375,000) from bookmaker Paddy Power for this stunt, Ginola became the latest Trojan horse in the gambling and gaming industry’s creeping and creepy embrace of football.
But the targets were our wallets and spending habits, not our hearts. But I mean you’re talking about one of the biggest, powerfulest jobs in football and all you’re getting to hear about is Paddy Power.”
But gambling advertising wasn’t as in-your-face as now
Sources with direct knowledge of the meetings came away believing the NHL is more open to legalization than Bettman’s comments indicate. Discussions on the issue have been taking place between the owners for several years, but until the other leagues come on board, it remains complicated for owners like Ted Leonsis of the Washington Wizards. Leonsis also owns the Washington Capitals of the NHL.
While discussions are ongoing behind the scenes, Silver is the only active commissioner to come out publicly in support of legalization. The NHL is currently considering placing a franchise in Las Vegas, and like all the leagues, is participating in daily fantasy sports.
The other major professional sports leagues are not on the same page. Major League Baseball, while transitioning to new commissioner Rob Manfred, declined comment. “I think most of our owners’ view on the issue is that they’re comfortable with us taking a leadership position on the issue, but again are also mindful that it’s a complex issue, and is one that will ultimately require a legislative remedy, and not one that is necessarily at the top of their to-do list, in terms of active lobbying.”
“While I wouldn’t categorize [daily fantasy] as sports betting,” Silver said, “on the continuum of no betting at all and legalized betting, it’s certainly somewhere on the spectrum, but not yet sports betting.”
While he may not have the full support of the other leagues, Silver says NBA owners approve of his approach. He wrote an op-ed in The New York Times in November that called for Congress to create a federal framework and allow states to authorize betting on pro sports.
In addition to the conversations between the commissioners, there have been other private meetings between council for the leagues to discuss the pros and cons of legalization, multiple sources with direct knowledge told ESPN.
“I have talked to the commissioners in the other leagues about [legalizing m88a sports betting],” NBA commissioner Adam Silver said in an exclusive interview with ESPN The Magazine in late January at the league’s Manhattan office. “Should it be viewed in the competitive team-oriented sense that it is now, or does it become a vehicle for betting, which may in effect change the atmosphere in the stadiums and in the arenas?”. The NHL’s Gary Bettman has been the only commissioner to speak out since Silver’s op-ed.
“Some of our owners are also owners in other leagues, so it’s something that they also want to talk to the commissioners in the other leagues about,” Silver said. “I leave it to them to make any public statements they want to make on it. The NHL did not respond to multiple requests for comment. The NFL says its opposition to legalized sports betting has not changed. I will say that certainly all of them are interested in having a better understanding of the issue, and I know have assigned people in their organizations to study intensively the issue as well.”
The NBA is not the only professional league in the United States taking a close look at sports betting legalization.
“I think there needs some attention to be paid to what sport is going to represent to young people,” Bettman said in an interview with CNN
Victor Chandler saw Davenport to win at odds of 2/5 while Tote saw Clijsters at 3/1.
2. I went with the above example because it is the lowest paying kind of arbitrage opportunity – I wanted to be conservative – but there are numerous arbitrage opportunities paying out 3%, 15%, 20% and more every single day.
As we saw above there are so many opportunities that come up it would be impossible to invest in all of them – the strategy is obviously to cherry pick the highest paying ones every day.
At 2/5 the total amount to invest in Davenport to return $100 was $71.42. I have just shared with you an incredibly powerful formula to tap into a huge stream of wealth whenever you like – every single day. You can use this method in the USA, UK, Australia, Asia, Europe…anywhere with an internet connection and PC. Isn’t it better to use this amazing technique now rather than later?
So what about the guaranteed returns that you can expect on each investment? Well in general arbitrage opportunities will usually return anywhere between 3% and 15% on your investment (this is just a general guide however – arbitrage opportunities that pay 30%, 70% or even over 100% do exist and you will come by them sometimes – just not very often).
But it gets even better you see, because this simple but money generating technique can never be monitored or regulated. The second is that you cannot possibly ever lose using the almost embarrassingly easy one-step technique that you’re going to discover.
I have put together a package so you could actually be enjoying your first profits in just a few hours from now because you’ll actually receive free lifetime access to a website that gives a list of all available arbitrage opportunities everyday, and in realtime! This is a bonus that is almost priceless because it will help you harvest incredible profits every single day – for the rest of your life. This is not gambling. Before continuing to read just remember two things. You need no knowledge of any sporting events at all – you’re effectively discovering how you can bet on both sides of a sporting event so no matter who wins, you’re guaranteed a definite fixed return on your investment.
This is exactly how arbitrage opportunities are born. You can even do this from your beach house while sipping on a martini and enjoying the cool sea breeze on your face.
Now I’m going to prove it!
You Are About To Discover How To Get A Risk Free Return Of Between 3% and 90% In Just 2 Hours. But the best thing is that not only is it 100% legal – but it can never be stopped and the number of opportunities that exist everyday are growing with the internet. How much is that actually worth? I’m not sure I can even put a dollar value on it.
Well the internet has thrown up a once-in-a-generation opportunity for just about anyone with an internet connection and PC to make heaps of cash every day by doing exactly the same thing. http://rayzee.co.uk
We’re now getting to the real interesting part. Can you see how this is guaranteed and risk free money? Absolutely anyone, if they knew about this could have made 3.58%, totally risk free on an amount of however much money they wanted to invest.
Does it surprise you that some people actually do this full time? It’s their work-from-home “J-O-B”! Wouldn’t it be nice to earn a living just by logging onto a couple of bookmakers, placing a few “sure bets” and walking away a few hours later with a guaranteed profit? You see, with sports arbitrage you’re taking advantage of the price differences that exist by betting on opposite sides of the same sporting event – so no matter who wins/loses/draws, you are guaranteed to come away with a risk free and guaranteed profit – every single time.
This article was posted on March 24, 2006
Sports Betting Arbitrage – Win Every Time You Bet
by: Ray Fearnley
It is not betting or investing – it is a mathematical certainty brought about by the internet that you can use to make free money everyday – for the rest of your life. Most of these bets take under 5 minutes to place online, and after the sporting event has finished you simply collect your profits and move on to the next arbitrage opportunity.
Now 3.58% may seem like a small return but remember that it was totally certain, risk free, took only 2 hours to achieve and there was never a possibility of ever losing the money or not getting the profit. I said earlier that there is nothing else quite like it in the world – that’s because this loophole/internet opportunity (call it what you like) is the only investment technique I have ever seen that makes a guaranteed, risk free profit in a few hours time without any chance of a loss. With this Sports Betting Arbitrage Package you’ll learn how to:
The fact is this information is priceless and is unheard of by most investors, let alone the general public. Let me repeat this – you will be placing sports bets in such a way that no matter what the outcome, you are guaranteed to profit, because you will be betting on all possible outcomes with different bookmakers so that no matter the result, you will get a guaranteed and risk free profit.
There is simply nothing else like it in the world – we already know that the arbitrage technique has been used by banks and global traders for centuries – that’s great for them – but what about you?
3. As you read on you’re going to discover rock-solid proof, not only on exactly how well this perfectly simple technique works, but also how it has the potential to effortlessly make you a lot of money, everyday, for just a few minutes of work.
1. It can never be closed down (you’ll see exactly why in a minute) and as the internet grows (believe me, we’ve only seen the very tip of the internet iceberg to now) the opportunities to earn sure, risk-free money from this simple strategy will multiply by hundreds of times. Arbitrage is zero risk and guaranteed profits – it is a high paying, very short term (a couple of hours) investment that will ALWAYS result in you walking away with a certain profit. I mean “free money” is pretty much what we’re talking about right? It’s all a scam isn’t it because we all know there is no such thing? Well actually no – stick around for a few minutes and I’ll prove to you without a shadow of doubt that not only is this “secret” (actually it’s an investment technique) very genuine, but a lot of individuals are using it to make tens, hundreds and even thousands of dollars/pounds/yen etc…every single day.. A return of 3.58% within under 2 hours (this is a very conservative example). You can also do this from anywhere in the world, right from the comfort of your own home.
This means that the total investment required to return $100 – whichever player wins – is just $96.42. He believes the Internet gives ordinary people the opportunity to make extra-ordinary income working from home. It is not trading. First, you need absolutely no knowledge either of investment arbitrage or sporting events to make a certain, 100% guaranteed profit every day with this simple technique. That’s quite a claim but from the actual proof that you’re going to read below you’ll see why this is no exaggeration – there are literally hundreds of opportunities every single day for you to apply this technique and make as much free cash as you want.
Hopefully you are now starting to understand the potential of arbitrage trading. At 3/1 the total amount to invest in Clijsters to return $100 was $25.
You stumble across knowledge such as this perhaps once in a lifetime which, if applied, will give you an excellent daily income for life with minimal effort – this, like arbitrage itself is simply a mathematical certainty. It is NOT betting.
Thanks for taking a few minutes to read this letter – you must be quite curious right about now, but I bet very suspicious too. That’s very good news for us and I’ll explain more on this shortly.
During Wimbledon 2001 the ladies singles match between Lindsay Davenport and Kim Clijsters was priced differently by bookies Victor Chandler and Tote. It was a mathematical certainty. Make money from day one with no requirement of any prior knowledge or further reading. Use this incredible but simple investment technique to earn money for you everyday for as long as the internet is around, regardless of the economic climate or where you happen to live. There are literally thousands of these “Profit Loopholes” every single day, each paying between 3% 90% on your investment – 100% risk free guaranteed!
Get more information at http://rayzee.co.uk
You’re going to be applying the concept of arbitrage to the world of online sports betting. Can you think of any other method in the world that offers such a return?
About The Author
Before moving on are you worried that just because “arbitrage” is used by financial institutions that it will be somehow complex, difficult or require mathematical or specialist knowledge of some kind? Well let me tell you that this technique is so outrageously simple that even a 7 year old could understand it and use the one-step technique you’re about to learn to make piles of cash – from day one. As the number of online bookies has seriously increased over the last couple of years so the number of highly profitable arbitrage opportunities have exploded. The key to the huge and regular arbitrage profits you’re going to be making by tonight is this – “there are huge differences in the opinions of bookmakers over the world, leading to a huge difference in how they price the same sporting event.”
The simple little method that you’re going to learn about is called “sports betting arbitrage” – an explosively profitable internet loophole that can be used by absolutely anyone with an internet connection PC to make anywhere from tens of dollars to several hundred dollars a day. Betting is a very risky thing to do – sure a handful of few people may win at it but on the whole most people will always lose in the long term. Apply the knowledge of arbitrage to hundreds of sporting events to make money, completely risk free and guaranteed. Again And Again – Guaranteed!
Are you ready now to learn and apply this incredibly simple technique to start earning money every day? Remember that you need no specialist knowledge on anything. Before continuing let me make one thing absolutely clear – this is in no way a form of betting or gambling. You will literally be able to switch on your PC, visit a website that shows you today’s guaranteed returns, place your guaranteed risk free investment and collect your profits a couple of hours later.
Rayzee has had an Internet presence since 1996 and specialises in thinking “outside of the box”. This is also the reason that it’s perfectly legal to profit from them, why they can never be closed down and why the opportunities will continue to grow explosively over the next few decades.
It could change your life!
It’s so simple that even a seven year old could understand it. Make no mistake, there are people just like you who are making a huge monthly income (others use it as a nice little stress free, part time earner) from this wonderful little concept. It’s not only so simple that a child could understand, but it’s 100% legitimate and tax free (although please remember tax laws vary from country to country and over time.)
This explosively profitable little known secret that has been used by banks for centuries is now available to you thanks to the power of the Internet!
Did you know that there are now several thousands of online bookmakers all over the world? Everyday, in every country more and more continue to spring up (because lets face it betting is a huge industry with bookmakers keen to take the money of millions of hungry gamblers). It is the power of the internet that also gives you the chance to use arbitrage every day to make a lot of money with just a few clicks of the mouse.
Perhaps you’re concerned that it’s not legal? Let me assure you, this simple little method is perfectly legal – in fact huge investment banks listed in the stock exchanges that you probably own shares in use this exact same method every single day to sweep in millions of dollars for themselves. It’s not even investing strictly speaking because with all of these things it’s possible that you can make a loss – but with sports arbitrage there is no possible chance of you ever losing – you know the exact profit you are going to make before the sporting event even kicks off. What you will need is a PC and internet connection and of course my powerful package which shows you step by step how to start earning immediately with sports betting arbitrage – and gives you a powerful website which spoon feeds you the best daily arbitrages – in real time. It is the power of the internet that has brought this to your attention
Louis City Hospital, then transferred to Barnes Hospital (now Barnes-Jewish Hospital) in St. Doctors, helpless to find the cause of death for the Noe family, preserved some tissue samples. In 1988, further testing showed Noe, his wife, and his daughter had all been HIV-positive
Dugas, meanwhile, knew he was sick. He didn’t know exactly what was wrong, but he had developed the skin lesions, associated with “gay cancer”. But one can’t spread cancer, of course, because cancer isn’t contagious. He indiscriminately continued having sex with men as his whims overtook him. His “advantage” was his mobility – as a flight attendant, he might be in any part of the US, Canada, or the world on a moment’s notice. His bitterness about having gay cancer crossed over into his lackadaisical attitude about possibly harming others.
The teen seemed stabilized by late 1968 (when he was around 15 years old). He had been transferred to Deaconess Hospital by then, and in March 1969, however, all of his symptoms reappeared and rapidly worsened. His breathing labored; his white blood cell count (as part of routine blood work) was noted to have dropped dramatically. The only thing concurred at the time was that Rayford’s immune system had been somehow compromised. He developed a fever and died either in the late hours of May 15, 1969, or the early hours of May 16 (sources differ). His primary physician recalled, “Eventually his entire body constituted almost one wave of hard lumps and watery swellings.”
Gaëtan Dugas fit right in with the gay community of the bath houses. He was blond, voluble, and open. Sex for him was a series of anonymous engagements, many times conducted hastily in bathroom stalls. He took on whatever he felt like. As well as many other men, he was developing what would become known as “The Clone Look”: close-cropped hair, largish but well-groomed mustache, muscle shirts, short shorts. [The quintessential version of "The Clone Look" would be Freddie Mercury (rock band Queen's lead vocalist who died of AIDS) after about 1981.]
In 1976, a Norwegian sailor, designated with the alias “Arvid Noe”, died; his wife and nine-year-old daughter died the next year of the same wasting disease. In 1961, the 15-year-old Noe had sailed on his first voyage to Africa. He worked a merchant vessel that plied along Africa’s west coast from mid-1961 to mid-1962; during this voyage he was treated for gonorrhea. He sailed again to Africa in 1964, with a port of call in Kenya in eastern Africa. In 1966, Noe started suffering from chronic joint pain and recurrent lung infections. By 1968, he could no longer pass a physical to sail, so he worked as a long-haul truck driver.
The airline industry developed glamour. The titillation of a sexy stewardess in uniform, pandering to any business traveler’s ego, was priceless. These were women without boundaries, women who went anywhere, anytime. Therefore, they must be promiscuous. The unspoken possibility of sex with a globe-trotting gal was also alluring. Married women were aggressively discouraged from working as stewardesses. The single women, all within a certain preferred range of body type, height, and attractiveness, were wanton women (in the minds of the average male of the day). Although morbid obesity was not the problem in the 1940s it is today, there were no “big girls” on board.
Certainly it was not Gaëtan Dugas (though, like Typhoid Mary over half a century before him, many deaths could be placed squarely on his doorstep).
Gateway to the West
Larry Kramer was actively and aggressively involved with what was then known as “gay cancer” in the early 1980s when the disease first made its poisonous presence visibly known in the United States as “gay cancer”.
Gaëtan Dugas died in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada, on March 30, 1984, at the age of 31. His cause of death was kidney-failure brought on by his weakened condition from an onslaught of infections and ailments from AIDS.
This virus, after much international wrangling for recognition of discovery (with a particularly aggressive and bombastic US virologist lobbying for a claim that he had found it first–he did not) was later named Human Immunodeficiency Virus or HIV.
Dating America’s exposure to AIDS is irrelevant: AIDS is a global problem. And continuing research has led to many more interesting facts about the spread of HIV.
He led doctors to believe any of his sexual activities were strictly heterosexual, even claiming at one point to having a girlfriend (who failed to surface at the time). [This female was found some time later and was found to be in perfect health, relative to HIV and AIDS, from which one can only surmise she and Rayford had no intimate sexual intercourse or such activities were rare enough she was not exposed to critical levels by whatever ailed him.]
This good person also kindly corrected some of the misinformation about Rayford via a personal e-mail and was also kind enough to forward professional papers on the subject. One such paper, in Lymphology from 1973, gives, perhaps, the best clinical synopsis of the case. Another article, entitled Documentation of an AIDS Virus Infection in the United States in 1968 (by the same doctor and others), is also a “must read” for anyone interested in the earlier origins of AIDS in America.
AIDS now had a face.
Of a most enlightening nature was Rayford’s adamant refusal of any rectal exams. It seemed that he may have been exposed to homosexual activity (assuming the submissive role in anal intercourse). One of his attending physicians believed that he had been a victim of sexual abuse (a very likely scenario considering Rayford’s socio-economic background). He could also have been “pimped out” against his will by someone who procured males to engage with him. To date, this aspect of his life is unclear.
As further incentive to not hire men as flight attendants, the death of a gay steward in 1954 became a scandal sufficiently great to lead to a rash of “fag bashings” (both gay men and lesbians were targeted) in Miami, Florida. It was one of the nation’s worst anti-gay outbreaks in history.
Meanwhile, as a symbolic sign of the coming Armageddon, Studio 54 was forced to close its doors for liquor license violations and tax evasion; entrepreneurs Steve Rubell and his business partner were sentenced to short terms of imprisonment. [Rubell later died of AIDS.]
In 1979, before Dugas was infected, a bisexual German concert violinist, Herbert Heinrich, died. In 1989, after testing of medical samples from his body, it was learned he was HIV-positive.
He wrote myriad articles on the subject and penned a stage play, “A Normal Heart”, that did well. In May 2014, this stage play was brought to the small screen. It was presented as a movie on HBO starring Jim Parsons (of “Big Bang Theory” TV fame). The story documented the earliest days of the AIDS epidemic in America told from the perspective of the New York City/Fire Island cohort. It is engaging: it is what TV can do (but usually fails to do except in rare cases like this one).
Gay and straight partiers alike finally found their Valhalla, however, in New York City in a crummy little club in the 1970s called Studio 54. This rat hole was converted into a hot spot known all over the world. Celebrities fell all over themselves to get in and be seen there. Its allure was its faux air of exclusivity. No club before or since carried the cachet of Studio 54. Co-founded and owned by a cabaret-style, (almost a caricature) flamboyantly gay man, Steve Rubell, and a straight-laced heterosexual lawyer, this kitschy club defined hipsters in the Seventies.
The dubious distinction of being America’s “Patient Zero” – the first documented and verifiable case of AIDS in the country – belongs not to Dugas but to a mildly mentally retarded black teenager named Robert Rayford (born ca. Memory Elvin-Lewis, thank you so much for not only your contributions to science but to my humble efforts at disseminating it for general readership. I truly appreciate it.
The commercial airlines recognized the goldmine presented by hiring female “stewardesses”. Certainly, they were paid less. There was also marketability in women that men did not have – women could be hawked by an airline as possible sex partners for the discriminating male traveler choosing its service over another.
This makes little sense.
The music scene was fueled by this gay celebration, none more blatantly than by a vocal group of disco hustlers calling themselves “The Village People”. They dressed in favorite and stereotypical gay icon costumes – a policeman, a construction worker, a cowboy, a gay biker, and a Native American. They were hugely successful for a short time with big sellers “In the Navy” and “YMCA”. More subtly, Donna Summer performed her brand of dance music that was embraced by the gay community as was she.
Without a precise diagnosis, Rayford’s cause of death was attributed to the catch-all vagary “loss of vitality”. Intractable fluid imbalance and lung disease were listed as contributors. An autopsy revealed a surprise – his body carried a very rare cancer called Kaposi’s sarcoma internally (though he had but one external lesion on his right thigh). [Today, this cancer and its lesions are bellwethers of AIDS.]
In America, the results of further research led to the conclusion that Gaëtan Dugas had not been the true “Patient Zero” after all.
Occasionally, medical mysteries initially thought solved are found later to have very different truths at their cores.
First denying he was sick, he later willfully and maliciously spread the disease to unsuspecting partners. After having casual sex in a darkened room once, a male interviewee later reported he had turned on a light in the room where Dugas lay naked on a bed. This man spotted the lesions (Kaposi’s sarcoma) that were the classic earmarks of “gay cancer” on Dugas’ chest. When he remarked upon it, Dugas replied sardonically, “It’s gay cancer. Maybe you’ll get it.”
Gaëtan Dugas, the narcissistic and embittered flight attendant, alternately feeling morose and spiteful about his condition, was given the code name “Patient Zero”, the source of the AIDS epidemic in North America.
Years later, once medical science, and particularly genetics testing, had reached a greater level of technological advance, a revision of the “Patient Zero” findings of 1984 seemed necessary. What was learned by later research was both fascinating and horrific simultaneously. It turned out, HIV had not only been in the world for over a century, but it had been in the United States as early as 1966.
Noe’s condition stabilized, but then flared up again in 1975 (coincidentally the same year a strange disorder called “slim disease” was reported in Africa for the first time, the beginnings of epidemic AIDS). In addition to the respiratory condition and joint pains he developed motor skill problems and dementia before he died.
One such mystery concerned the AIDS epidemic in America. As long as the killer remained comfortably within the gay community not much was done to investigate. As soon as AIDS found its way into the heterosexual population, though, suddenly America’s interest in ferreting out the cause was paramount. Panic stricken virologists and other epidemiologists worked feverishly to isolate the source of this sexually transmitted disease first endemic among homosexual men.
He had a chlamydia infection (a bacterial venereal disease), clearly indicating he was sexually active. His doctors also uncovered evidence of the herpes simplex virus and the virus responsible for Epstein-Barr. Robert Rayford was not terribly forthcoming with his doctors, partly due to his retardation leaving him mostly uncommunicative, but also because he was embarrassed by something.
The term “velvet rope” came into existence then – a red velvet rope (as one might see in a museum keeping patrons at a safe distance from a particularly priceless exhibit) became the literal and symbolic barrier between the plebes on the street and the hipsters within. Each night crowds gathered outside Studio 54′s doors; admission was granted whimsically by a group of door men and many times by Steve Rubell himself.
This doctor handled, and talked with (though reported as largely uncommunicative), Robert Rayford personally for a period during Rayford’s confinement, and also attended Rayford’s autopsy, confirming the KS diagnosis and noting the preservation of tissue samples that later were shown to carry the variant of the HIV-1 virus.
Both his wife and daughter developed an illness that mimicked his symptoms, and they died in 1977. Memory Elvin-Lewis was kind enough to respond to this piece in person.
Anal scarring also indicated repeated sexual penetration.
Rayford lived in a brownstone in a poor neighborhood in St. It was so unusual at the time . Louis, Missouri) was the earliest confirmed victim of AIDS in North America.
The Road to Zero
His first months in the hospital were spent with his doctors cutting back on his water and salt intake, and they wrapped and raised his legs, all to cut down on his tissue’s swelling. Despite this, the inflammation moved up his body and into his lungs. Antibiotics were tried in varying dosages, but Rayford’s condition continued to deteriorate.
Almost any medical professional worth his or her license, whenever a patient dies of a strange ailment, takes the precaution of preserving tissue and blood samples for future research. It is extremely fortunate that some doctors going all the way back to the late 1950s had been so far-sighted. Working backward and re-examining suspicious or otherwise unresolved deaths from contagion globally proved enriching in piecing together the history of AIDS.
Tracing backward from Haiti (the source of the US strain in 1966) put the disease firmly in Central Africa. 1952-1953).
In his wake, one of the unfortunate legacies he left was a renewed homophobia relative to male flight attendants. They became a lightning rod for America’s fear and anger over AIDS and its links with homosexuality. “Patient Zero”, Gaëtan Dugas, was reviled; in death he was even accused of bringing HIV to North America and spreading it around the country.
Certainly, the African-American teenager Robert Rayford (who had never been outside the city of his birth) was not Patient Zero, either – somebody had to give it to him in the first place.
Running Dugas to ground, however, was pointless. At the time, there were no criminal laws penalizing the willful spread of a known fatal disease (since then, law changes allow charges of attempted and pre-meditated murder to be brought in many states against anyone who is HIV-positive purposefully engaging in unprotected sexual intercourse with an unwitting partner).
The End of Days was seemingly at hand.
The direct lineage of HIV-1 was traced to two groups of mutations that formed in the primates that carried the simian version. One of the groups was dated to between 1847 and 1907; another subgroup dated to between 1606 and 1871. HIV-2 made the leap most likely between the date range of 1856 and 1922. Thus, it can be seen some prototypical version of the AIDS virus can be dated to the early 17th century.
In the end one can see there is no modern-day “Patient Zero”.
Diverting conversations occurred between Rayford and his primary care givers when questioned about his sexual activities. His doctors had not considered homosexuality initially, and all conversations, such as they were, seemed to be taken as referring to female sexual contacts.
. many cases of AIDS have been autopsied that we didn’t even know had AIDS.”
A strange disease lurked among the gay denizens and creepers of the bath houses, though. Men began dying of pneumonia and other respiratory illnesses, but only after drastically losing weight and developing horrific skin lesions on their faces, necks, backs, and chests. This disease became known in the gay community as “gay cancer”. It was particularly volatile, and it progressed rapidly. Dugas caught it early, possibly with his first encounter in the New York gay bathhouse on Halloween 1980.
The very first air flight attendants (in the 1920s) were men. These positions were desirable; the men who did these jobs executed their duties more like up-scale, futuristic train porters and ship stewards than as menials. As with many professions in that era (especially in service jobs such as telephone operators, bank tellers, et al) the sky porters known as “stewards” were exclusively male. World War I saw the shift from male to female telephone operators and bank tellers; with a dearth of male workers during World War II, employers turned to the fairer sex to fill their employment needs in the airline industry, too.
Less Than Zero
Update note:Dr. Louis.
The disease it spawned was rechristened, in light of its indiscriminate virology, to Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome or AIDS. That same year that 248 cases of the disease were reported, local health departments in conjunction with the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) in Atlanta began investigating.
Of the 248 cases known before the detection of the virus, interviewing led to the shocking revelation that at least 40 AIDS victims had one thing in common: all had either had sex with a certain male, blond, gregarious Air Canada flight attendant, or they had sex with someone who did. This networking connection was made in 1984, and it was critical – it meant medical and public health officials investigating the source of AIDS might have finally gotten the breakthrough they needed.
And the real Patient Zero – the HIV-Adam or HIV-Eve – lived and most likely died there, somewhere in the Congo, unknown and unrecognized for the catastrophic role he or she would play in human history.
But, it doesn’t end there.
A year earlier, a Portuguese man known only as Senhor José died under mysterious circumstances. He was treated at the London Hospital for Tropical Diseases to no effect. In later years, examination of preserved tissues verified he died of AIDS; the causative virus, HIV-2 was present, making him the first known confirmed victim. Genetic research on the virus indicated he probably contracted the disease in 1966 in Guinea-Bissau (on the northwest coast of Africa). Three gay men in California and six Haitian immigrants to the United States were later confirmed as AIDS victims from that same year.
The Greek letter “?” always refers to the end of an event or series, not its beginning. Dugas was “Patient Zero”, not “Patient ?” – if the intent was to use such a Greek designation, he would have been named “Patient Alpha” (“?” or “?”) for “the beginning”. It is known that Dugas from the earliest investigations, based on diagrams the CDC (and others) created interlinking sexual contacts among those diagnosed with or dead from the mystery disease, was referred to from the start as Patient Zero (not Omega or “O”).
He started out as a hairdresser. Wanting to travel, this French-speaking Canadian learned that flight attendants for Air Canada had to be bi-lingual. He moved to Vancouver and learned English to qualify for the job. He found work as a flight attendant on Air Canada. This career choice allowed him the freedom to move around the world, visiting exotic locales, and meeting many strange men for anonymous sexual encounters. In 1977, he was legally married in Los Angeles, California, in an illegal attempt to gain United States citizenship.
There is an interesting correlation between homosexuality and the airline industry. At least, there is a publicly perceived correlation as it pertains to airline flight attendants.
Dugas may have personally, and directly, been responsible for dozens of AIDS cases (and no telling how many more indirectly), but he did not bring AIDS to the US, nor was he the first confirmed AIDS victim. As noted, several California men and some Haitian immigrants were found later to have succumbed to the disease before Dugas.
AIDS in the United States was isolated in pockets of contagion until the promiscuity (homosexual or otherwise) of the 1970s gave the disease a clear path of propagation in humans. IV drug use, on the rise in the 1970s and early 1980s, also provided another avenue of blood-exchange necessary for the virus to thrive.
The discrimination in the labor market meant the United States Supreme Court had to step in and force airlines to hire male flight attendants. This happened in 1971 after nearly 20 years of female-dominated service. Even then, the Court’s decision forcing US airlines to hire men was greeted with derision in the press. It also raised homophobic fears of placing men in such a servile and sexualized role. Kramer was a writer in New York and a part of the gay culture. He, however, decided that merely watching his friends die quietly wasn’t enough.
Dugas remained unrepentant. He originally denied that whatever disease it was he had could be transmitted sexually. His own words on the subject: “Of course I’m going to have sex. Nobody’s proven to me that you can spread cancer.” His depraved indifference to his sexual partners’ well-being was summarized with “It’s their duty to protect themselves. They know what’s going on out there. They’ve heard about this disease.” The last element of his bitterness was voiced by his wish to take others with him: “I’ve got gay cancer. I’m going to die and so are you.”
Gay men realized the danger. Many made the intuitive leap early that perhaps certain activities, such as anal intercourse, might be transmitting the causative agent. Others flatly refused to believe that their lifestyles might be endangering the health of themselves and of others. They felt it was a perceived backlash against gay men. Higher-profile gay men (many closeted during their lifetimes) and activists within the gay community began dying as well as underground sub-culture members (the “Crisco, leather, and fisting” set).
The criteria for entry were pure sadism: one night only women might be allowed in; other times, a sloppily dressed man might be sent away while another, looking exactly like that man but “famous”, would be let in. Gay-themed parties were held there often, and casual sex in the bathrooms and the “exclusive” privacy lounge was common among attendees.
Gaëtan Dugas was a French-Canadian born February 20, 1953. His life was on a collision course with history. In 1972, Dugas first became sexually active. [He would later claim he had over 2,500 sexual partners in his lifetime, whether all male is unknown. He may have been bisexual.]
Molecular research shows the AIDS epidemic of the 1980s stemmed from a viral strain that had entered the US via Haiti about 1966. Other strains have been isolated as well. As in cases like Robert Rayford’s, the disease died with him (though he probably infected others, those people likely did not have access to the sheer number of sexual partners that, for example, Gaëtan Dugas had, and died before spreading it much).
Good investigative work requires dogged determination. Running an enigma to ground can take years.
AIDS is what defined the decade of the 1980s, a decade that lived in fear beneath the penumbra of a certain and tortuous death from a highly communicable pathogen. . . Somewhere, there was a Patient Zero, the epidemiological well-spring from which this plague spewed forth.
By the 1950s, this homophobia was rampant, and in the conservative times of Eisenhower and McCarthyism, men were slowly pushed out of the steward jobs.
By April of 1982, 248 cases of the disease were reported nationwide with many others too afraid or indifferent to see a doctor. A virus was isolated in 1983 by French scientists (as Europeans were also recognizing and treating patients with “gay cancer”, many of whom were decidedly not gay).
Because of the baffling nature of his case, doctors preserved several tissue and blood samples for later evaluation. In 1987, eighteen years after his death, molecular biologists at New Orleans’ Tulane University tested specimens of Rayford’s preserved blood and tissues. Their findings were stunning: a virus “closely related or identical to” HIV-1 was detected. Further confirmation testing in 1989 proved Robert Rayford (African-American teenage male of St. The swelling in his legs was bothersome, his genitals and legs were covered in scrofulous skin, and his testicles were severely swollen. He was also emaciated (having lost much weight suddenly), and even though he was an African-American male he was considered “pale”. He also had shortness of breath. His symptoms led his caregivers at Barnes Hospital to conclude that one of his problems was lymphedema (a swelling caused by lymphatic problems). This was only a tiny part of his health issues, however.
On October 31, 1980 – ominously enough, Halloween night – the French-Canadian gay male steward Gaëtan Dugas visited a gay bathhouse for the first time on a layover in New York City.
For one gay man, however, being a steward was all he’d needed to satisfy both his wanderlust and his physical lust.
“I’m Candy – Fly Me!”
Before Robert Rayford in the US, there was a possible case found in a dead Jamaican native named Ardouin Antonio. He came to the US in 1927. He was working as a shipping clerk for a clothier when he died at age 49 on June 28, 1959, in Manhattan. He had developed a very rare kind of pneumonia, seemingly out of the blue. Decades later the doctor who had performed Antonio’s autopsy was asked to re-evaluate the case. Did he think Antonio possibly died of AIDS? “You bet . Memory Elvin Lewis
Dr. . It existed as “slim disease”; the condition was universally ignored though many Africans died after mysteriously wasting away. In 1959, about the time the Manhattan Jamaican shipping clerk died of his rare pneumonia, a blood sample from a Congolese man was taken and preserved. Years later, this proved to be HIV-infected. This Congolese man’s fate is unknown (whether he developed full-blown AIDS and died from it or not). Similarly, a preserved lymph-node biopsy specimen taken from a Congolese woman in 1960 later proved to be HIV-positive.
Grethe Rask was a Danish surgeon who had traveled to Zaire in 1972 to lend medical aid for the sick there. She returned to Denmark in 1976 and became relentlessly ill. Her symptoms confounded her colleagues. She died in December 1977. Several years later in 1984, it was confirmed through testing she was HIV-positive. During her time in Zaire, it was known she was directly exposed to blood – it is believed this was the source of her infection.
Homophobia was so great by the late 1950s almost no airlines in the United States would hire men as flight attendants – even Eastern and Pan Am stopped hiring stewards. Stewardesses, however, were very desirable. They were marketed as young, beautiful, and sexually available–this was hardly an acceptable career choice for any he-man. In the same way that the sexual orientation of male nurses was suspect, only “pansies” wanted to be stewards.
The hedonism of the 1970s raged unchecked, and by the middle of the decade “gay” culture became pop culture. Gay male partiers in the mid 1970s found an outlet on New York’s Fire Island. Gay men rented time-share space in houses on the island and partied their summers away “in season”.
Instead, about the only thing that can be said of HIV is that its “Ground Zero” location was almost certainly Central Africa.
The music was disco, the dance beat adapted from gay men and their party scene. The mock S&M dance moves, the sweaty bodies, the throb of the music, the drugs consumed, and the fact that not just anyone could get in heightened its allure.
From a front-line perspective
Concern for dying gay men was not paramount on America’s mind. As more cases of the mysterious killer emerged, the name was changed from “gay cancer” to “gay-related immune deficiency” (GRID). This, at least, was an open recognition that whatever was causing the disease was compromising a body’s immune system. It didn’t explain, however, the rather esoteric choice of gay men (and soon discovered, IV drug users) by an unintelligent, non-sentient pathogen as victims. It wasn’t until the first heterosexual cases of “gay cancer” emerged that the disease was examined more closely.
In conjunction with Studio 54, other bars for gay men to frequent thrived. Another meeting place was the bath houses still found in many larger cities. Once serving the utilitarian function for neighborhood residents to bathe (considering most homes up until the late 1920s did not have indoor plumbing) these quaint reminders of The Good Old Days were social gathering places for gay men. They were prevalent in New York City and in San Francisco. [Bette Midler, a great favorite among gay men, got her start singing in gay bath houses; her piano player in those days was songwriter/musician Barry Manilow).
He was admitted with multiple, and strange, symptoms (given his tender age).
As early as his 13th year or sooner, he was sexually active. Beginning in 1966, he started having some physical problems that seemed chronic. His legs swelled, and he developed sores on his genitals and body.
There is an apocryphal story that Patient Zero was really Patient “O” (as in the 15th letter of the English alphabet, first letter of the word “Omega” for the last letter of the Greek alphabet, ?). Furthermore, it was alleged that a journalist misinterpreted the “O” (for “?”), and instead wrote up his report, referring to the AIDS’ source as “Patient 0″ ["zero"] instead.
Mr. Louis, Missouri. His mother’s name was Constance Rayford, and he had a brother named George. Rayford was described as slender. His retardation left him relatively uncommunicative from shyness.
Current scientific research is clear: sometime in the 1930s, a simian form of immunodeficiency virus mutated sufficiently and made the leap across species to become a contagious disease of people.
Thus, by the late 1940s male flight attendants were not only undesirable, they were suspect as well. Occupying a job with women that devoted itself to customer service, good manners, and fine grooming, the stewards garnered suspicions of being “queer”.
They engage in gambling activities at the cost of their time with family and friends. The addiction has negative effects on one’s physical and mental health and it proves to be detrimental to one’s social, personal, and professional life. Six to eight million people in America are estimated to have a gambling problem.. Rehabilitating the gambling addicts needs money and time, and the process is not very easy. Some go that way to forget the sorrow of losing big sums when gambling.
? According to a study by the George State University, 50% of the problem gamblers commit crime. Their debt keeps building and it may reach an amount that exceeds their capacity to repay.
? The costs of treating compulsive gamblers are huge. A study by the same university suggested that 73% of the individuals who are imprisoned are found to be problem gamblers.
? The addiction to gambling can leave one in bankruptcy. To add to the so-called merry atmosphere, gamblers often smoke or drink while playing.
Mental and physical health problems, financial issues, and conflicts in the family are among the common negative effects of gambling. The skill of a gambler lies in weighing the three parameters and making a decision about what amount should be staked and how much should be expected in return.
? As gambling leads to increased criminal activities, in a way, gamblers add to the burden on prisons and the legal system.
Games offered in casinos, table games like poker, Red Dog, and Blackjack, as also electronic games like Slot Machine and Video Poker are some of the common types of gambling. According to the National Research Council, 10 to 17% of the children of problem gamblers have been abused and so have 25 to 50% of the partners of problems gamblers.
? Gambling can lead to criminal activities. In spite of the losses incurred, they continue betting. Over time, it becomes a habit, and eventually an obsession that can’t be overcome. Some take to substance abuse to supplement the high they get from winning huge sums while gambling. It can drag you into crime, gambling isn’t fun.
? Problem gamblers and addicts tend to abuse their family members. It causes a decline in his/her work performance, thus hampering his career.
? According to the University of New York, in people with alcohol use disorders, the chances of developing an addiction to gambling are 23 times higher.
? They start borrowing money and take secret loans. The addiction robs a gambler of all the productive time and leads to loss of efficiency at work. Because of this, they land in worse situations and take the wrong decisions in life.
? A majority of those addicted to gambling have substance abuse disorders.
? Over time, the practice of gambling starts becoming a habit and begins to have damaging effects at psychological, physical, and social levels. The decision to gamble money is based on three parameters namely; how much to bet, the predictability of the event, and the conditions agreed upon, between the gamblers. The addiction leads people to continue with gambling irrespective of whether they earn or lose in the deal. The greed never ends and they keep betting more and more. In the following sections of this Buzzle article, we discuss the negative effects of gambling on the individual and society.
? According to a research by NCPG, 76 percent of problem gamblers are likely to have a major depressive disorder.
? Studies show that children with a sibling or parent addicted to gambling, are more likely to take to substance abuse.
You could be at gunpoint or holding the gun. Due to lost mental peace, they may ill-treat their spouse and children. Card games, coin tossing, and dice-based games are some non-casino based forms of gambling. When they lose the money they had risked, they further gamble to recover the lost amount and it becomes a vicious circle even they can’t escape from.
? Gambling at the cost of one’s job results in a decline in the quality of his professional life. Forget satisfaction or peace, it is not even refreshing in the real sense. Thus, gambling practices cause a huge financial burden on the families of the affected and on the society at large.
? Apart from absence at work and drop in efficiency, a common observation is that gamblers tend to steal money and engage in fraudulent behavior to recover from financial losses incurred when gambling, or to get more money to bet.
? Gamblers often exhibit mood swings and a strangely secretive behavior. Gambling refers to the betting of money on an event with an uncertain outcome, with the intent of winning additional wealth. On giving a serious consideration to the negative effects of gambling, we realize that it is best avoided.
? Gambling is practiced as a means of recreation. This proves to be detrimental to their social and family life. The effect is similar to that of having a drug or a drink, which is why gambling changes one’s mental state and mood.
? People who fall prey to gambling tend to remain away from their families and waste money on other bad practices. Their mental state can even lead to suicidal tendencies.
Compulsive gambling leads to bankruptcy
Gambling = Thoughtless Expenditure + Waste of Time
? Children of parents who are problem gamblers or gambling addicts tend to feel abandoned and angry, further increasing stress and leading to strained family relations.
? Addiction to gambling has been linked with substance abuse. Betting is a mentally taxing activity, and as one goes on risking more and more money, anxiety starts building.
? Research has shown that gambling can lead to harmful behavior in people. The addiction gets on to the gamblers to such an extent that they fail to think wisely before acting. Sports betting and arbitrage betting are the other types. It soon becomes a habit that can’t be broken.
? The stress from gambling may lead to health issues like ulcers, stomach problems, muscle pains, headaches, and problems with sleep.
? Additionally, rehabilitation and public assistance systems are taxed.
? People continue gambling with the greed of winning money. Addiction to gambling, coupled with substance abuse can make the gamblers physically abusive towards their family. The two go hand in hand. It only leads to a thoughtless expenditure of money and valuables.
? Similar to how an individual keeps consuming substances like drugs or alcohol to experience an altered mental state, he continues to gamble. A recreational activity is supposed to be refreshing and relaxing, but something like gambling is contrary to the very purpose of recreation. The National Council of Problem Gambling (NCPG) describes this type of gambling behavior as problem gambling.
? An Austrian study said that around 1 in 5 suicidal patients had a gambling problem.
? Gambling has proven to be addictive. The stress of risking huge amounts of money or the frustration after losing it can increase the tendency of abuse in gamblers. They tend to stay away from their near ones, resulting in distrust between them and their loved ones.
Initially, one looks at gambling as a way to run away from life’s problems, or from stress, anger, and loneliness. Thus, gambling can have a grave economic impact which is difficult to reverse.
? Substances of abuse are served at casinos and in pubs and clubs, thus increasing the likelihood of gamblers consuming them
What are the adverse effects of gambling? How does it affect society? Should gambling be legal? We don’t think so and here we bring you an article that discusses the reasons why gambling should be illegal.
Impact of Internet Gambling
So many of us are attracted to gambling online. The thrill in betting money and that excitement in the uncertainty of winning or losing it is addictive. With so many…
Internet Gambling Facts and Problems
What do you know about Internet gambling? Are you aware of the problems associated with it? Read on to know them and find some alarming facts about online gambling, in this article.
Negative Effects of Gambling
Gambling is the act of betting money with the expectation of profits. Some of us are addicted to the habit, without even knowing that. How does gambling affect an individual? What are its effects on society? Read this Buzzle article to know about the negative impact of gambling.
He’s a mild threat here to get his 6th PGA win here. Marc Leishman has one career win in 188 starts. Colt Knost, Tony Finau, Marc Leishman, Kevin Kisner, Patton Kizzire – 50 to 1 odds each
Jason Bohn only has two career wins and his last win was in 2010 and he’s missed the cut in his last three PGA Tour starts. He’s a big threat this week to win.
Jason Dufner has a win in 2016 and he’s finished second in this tournament twice in the past (2012, 2014). He won the Puerto Rico Open for his first career win at the end of March. In his last four tournaments he’s failed to crack the top 25 and he finished last week tied for 66th. Jim Furyk has one win on tour since 2010 and he’s making just his third start back after wrist surgery. Zach Johnson – 22 to 1. Danny Lee has one win on tour and he finished tied for 18th last week. That was the last of his three PGA Tour wins.
Kevin Na has one career win in 314 starts. Don’t be fooled, though, as Kuchar also finished 3rd at the Players but that is not winning. Charl Schwartzel tied for 58th place last week but that was his first tournament since he missed the cut at the Masters. Chappell also finished alone in 2nd place at the RSM Classic and the Arnold Palmer this season so he’s been close to winning but he’s still a maiden on tour.
T-11. Ben Hogan holds the record for most wins in the tournament with five. Here is a list of the betting odds for the PGA golfers to win the 2016 Dean & DeLuca Invitational.
Colt Knost is 30 and he’s yet to win on tour but he tied for 3rd at the Players and was 4th last week in his last two starts. Could he win again this year? Maybe, but who wants to bet on it?
Listed below are the betting odds and comments for each player who has odds of 50 to 1 or less to win this week. Jordan Spieth – 6 to 1
Chris Kirk is the defending champion in this tournament but that was the last of his four PGA Tour wins. Louis Oosthuizen’s lone PGA win remains the 2010 British Open and he missed the cut last week.
Jason Bohn – 100 to 1 odds
6. Bill Haas, Ryan Palmer – 45 to 1 odds each
Boo Weekley – 80 to 1 odds
The Dean & DeLcua Invitational dates back to 1946. Haas has six PGA Tour wins and he was second at the Valspar in March so he’s a mild threat to win this week. At age 32, Kevin Kisner has one career win and he missed the cut in his last two starts. Patton Kizzire is 30 and still looking for his first PGA Tour win.
Good luck to all the PGA golfers and especially the bettors this week at the 2016 Dean & DeLuca Invitational at Colonial in Fort Worth, Texas!
T-17. Scott won this tournament in 2014 beating Jason Dufner in a playoff. Adam Scott – 11 to 1
The 2016 Dean & DeLuca golf tournament on the PGA Tour is taking place this week from May 26-29, 2016, at the Colonial Country Club located in Fort Worth, Texas. Charley Hoffman – 25 to 1
Adam Scott finished tied for 12th at the Players two weeks ago in his last start. He has three PGA Tour wins but his last win was in 2010.
1. Kevin Na, Louis Oosthuizen, Patrick Reed, Jim Furyk – 33 to 1 odds each
Matt Kuchar shot -14 under last week to finish alone in 3rd place at the Byron Nelson. Then a few notable golfers with much higher odds are listed along with comments why.
5. Players like Phil Mickelson, Lee Trevino and Zach Johnson are tied for the second most wins with two each.
Other than a 5th place finish at the Arnold Palmer in March, Zach Johnson has not played well enough to win in 2016. After missing the cut in his two previous starts, Jimmy Walker tied for 24th last week. Chris Kirk, Charl Schwartzel – 35 to 1 odds each
At odds of 6 to 1, Jordan Spieth is the betting favorite this week to win the 2016 Dean & DeLuca Invitational.
T-7. Jordan Spieth was in position to win last week at the Byron Nelson playing with Brooks Koepka in the final pairing Sunday just two strokes back but Spieth shot a 74 and ended up tied for 18th place. Kevin Chappell – 28 to 1
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4. Nuff said. While the meltdown is not a good sign, Jordan Spieth did miss the cut the week before at the Players in his first start since the Masters so he is rounding into form and he did tie for 2nd place in this tournament last year.
T-19. Adam Scott has two wins in 2016 and 13 total wins on the PGA Tour. Kirk missed the cut in his last start at the Players. Brandt Snedeker has missed the cut in his last two starts and in three of his last four tournaments but he did tie for 2nd place here last year just one stroke off the lead.
2. Zach Johnson does have two wins in this tournament (2010, 2012).
3. Ryan Palmer missed the cut last week. On top of that, Bohn suffered a heart attack during the Honda Classic back in February. Patrick Reed has finished alone in 2nd place three times this season but has not won a tournament since January of 2015. Matt Kuchar has not won a PGA Tour event in over two years now and he should be higher odds to win this week.
Bill Haas tied for 43rd place last week. Jimmy Walker, Brandt Sendeker, Danny Lee, Jason Dufner – 40 to 1 odds each
At age 29, Kevin Chappell is still looking for his first PGA Tour win. Chappell is lower odds here because he finished alone in 2nd place at the Players in his last start. Tony Finau tied for 12th last week. Schwartzel won the Valspar Championship in March and he could play well this week.
David Toms won this tournament in 2011. Matt Kuchar – 14 to 1
Boo Weekley won this tournament in 2013. But Jason Bohn did finish tied for 2nd in this tournament last year just one stroke off the lead.
Since winning the Texas Open for his 4th PGA Tour win on April 21st, Charley Hoffman finished 11th at the Zurich Classic, missed the cut at the Players and finished tied for 12th last week at the Byron Nelson. Toms has 13 career PGA Tour wins including a major but he’s not won a tournament since 2011.
Reportedly, over 75 percent of adult Canadians took part in the games last year in which the most popular games are lotteries and Scratch and Win cards.. Otherwise, Australia is the only country that allows online bets on sports but prevents gamblers from using the Internet to place bets during live games.
The most favorite gambling activity in Italy is electronic gaming machine. Although the government has imposed an entry fee of S$100 ($80.50) for citizens entering the casino, the country’s gaming revenue is expected to hit $6.4 billion in 2011 and outpace Las Vegas.
Australia: Biggest Gambling Country in the World
Gaming Losses Per Adult: $1,288
Gaming Losses Per Adult: $517
Australia is the craziest country when it comes to gaming and gambling. Australia
Gaming Losses Per Adult: $568
Las Vegas is well-known as the gambling industry of the world; however, American people are not the biggest gamblers on Earth. Furthermore, the slot machines named pokies are the most favorite game in Australia with an estimated number of 75-80 percent of problem gamblers. H2 Gambling Capital has released the list of biggest gambling countries due to average gaming losses.
Top Online Gambling Mistakes
Interestingly enough, the country’s national lottery company, Veikkaus, belongs to the government and is operated by the ministry of education. In this country, gaming companies bet people on whether the central bank’s interest will increase or not. Most profits go to education, arts and culture.
Gambling’s Famous Icons
Gaming Losses Per Adult: $1,174
Gaming Losses Per Adult: $553
Era of Online Gambling
Singapore offered the very first casino some years ago which then became the world’s third largest-gaming center after Macau and Las Vegas. According to business advisory firm MAG Consulenti Associati, the electronic gaming makes up half of Italy’s total gaming revenues in first half of 2011.
The potash-rich province of Saskatchewan is home to the biggest gamblers in Canada
If the tote board suggests that the public is overlooking these mitigating circumstances, make your play.
Horse Racing System #5 – Bet Horses breaking from the inside post in route races. This is another mistake that bettors make: in a race with a clear standout, many people give up on the win pool and bet their choice to place, thinking that they’ll get paid even if the favorite wins.
The horse with the best last race speed figure (whether Beyer, BRIS, or Equibase) may not be the best horse in the race, but he’s probably not far off, so we can use that as a proxy for selection purposes.
None of these systems will make you rich, or even guarantee that you will make a profit. One of the few anomalies turned up by Michael Nunamaker in his pioneering computer study “Modern Impact Values”, published in 1994, was that horses breaking from the inside post position in route races won more than their fair share of races, and were under-bet by the public. The horse with the best combination of the two is the play.
. I’ve identified some of the most useful handicapping factors that have a proven history of doing much better than the track takeout and put them together with some simple rules that should make your trips to the racetrack more fun and profitable. Let me let you in on a little secret about these “magic formulas”. They will, however increase the chances of a profitable day at the races by ensuring that your wager dollars go where they have the best chance of success. Most people who love horse racing would be thrilled just to win a little more and lose a little less on their trips to the track.
Instead of blindly betting all horses breaking from the inside, you might use this to supplement your handicapping, paying particular attention to the inside horse, and betting it when you like the horse on other handicapping grounds. This offers opportunity to more diligent players.
Horse Racing System #1 – In maiden races, bet the horse with the best last race speed figure that has had at least two career starts. My own studies have shown a similar advantage for the inside post in routes.
This causes the favorite to be under bet in the place pool, leading to a profit opportunity for us to take advantage of by betting the favorite to place. Few bother to even look at the comment line for the race, let alone take the trouble to seek out and watch the replay of the race. This is somewhat counter-intuitive since you’d expect that horses with good pedigrees that end up in the maiden claiming ranks probably can’t run at all. The inside post combined with early speed is a particularly potent combination, since the horse will not have to exert himself as much to gain his preferred position at the front of the pack.
Horse Racing System #4 – Bet low-priced favorites to place. None of them work.
How do we identify the best pedigree, then? If you’re using the DRF past performances, use the stud fee as a proxy for quality, and the Tomlinson figure to judge suitability for the distance and surface. Just don’t expect to quit your day job.
Horse Racing System #3 – In maiden claiming races, bet the horse with the best pedigree. Thanks for reading, and see you in the winner’s circle.
First time starters return only about 60 cents on the dollar, and second time starters are only a little better, returning less than 70 cents on the dollar. My computer studies of pedigree, based on nearly 100,000 races, suggest that using pedigree in that manner offers no advantage to the player.
For as long as humans have bet on horse racing there have been system sellers trying to con the gullible into parting with their hard earned money with the lure of easy profits to be made on the sport of kings. My study suggests that’s not the case.
In that spirit. I was able to replicate this result in my own study of nearly 100,000 races conducted a decade later.
In the first place, the parimutuel takeout in horse racing is large (over 15%) and the mutuel pools are relatively efficient, so that even systems with a strong basis in reality can’t overcome the size of the takeout.
For instance, many speed figure handicappers reported making horse racing profits in the 60′s and 70′s simply by betting horses with the best last race speed figure. The inside post in turf routes actually showed a small profit, but this was based on a small sample size and cannot be relied upon. Horse Racing System #2 – Bet horses that have an excuse for a poor performance in their last race. It must follow, therefore, that if we bet the best horse that has started at least twice, we stand an excellent chance of beating the takeout, particularly in races that have several first and second time starters.
Nunamaker reported that the inside post in dirt route races won at a 20% greater than expected rate, and lost only 10 cents on the dollar, much better than the track take. Because speed figures have gained in popularity over the years, anyone following that system now would have trouble coming up with gas money for the ride home from the track.
Second, the very nature of the parimutuel system itself means that any profits to be made from following a particular set of rules will quickly be arbitraged away as the followers of that system drive down the odds of horses chosen by the system.
Looking for a dead simple horse racing system that will allow you to quit your job and make a living betting the horses in just 10 minutes a day? Good luck with that!
However, just because systems won’t make you rich doesn’t mean there’s no place for them at all in a horseplayer’s arsenal. To the extent that most handicappers use pedigree at all, it’s usually to identify horses that may improve when switched to the turf, or those who may be expected to win as first time starters. In most case the public seems to take a horse’s last running line at face value. This system takes advantage of one of the few glaring inefficiencies in the parimutuel pools, namely that first and second time starters are badly over-bet.
Look for comment lines like “bled”, “lost rider”, “clipped heels”, “stumbled”, “steadied”, “between horses”, “rank”, and “jumped shadows” that suggest that a horse’s last race was not indicative of its true ability. With the BRIS pp’s you can use the Sire Production Factor in concert with the pedigree rating. It should go without saying that you should actually like the favorite’s chances after evaluating the race with your own handicapping.
In fact, pedigree does not generally offer wager value with one curious exception: well bred horses do surprisingly well in maiden claiming races
It is essential to make a strong by soccer betting,you do not easily lose your calm and play with utmost patience.
. Many times you might be very close to win,but end up losing. It’s quite visible that Spain and Brazil are hot favorites for this soccer season, with presence of other teams,you need to carefully analyze their individualized performance and then place bets.
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By: Pedro Walker
The money making strategy in soccer betting is all about taking advantage from the information available,the more you are acquainted with latest trends the more you have chances of making as much money as you can.
As the grand soccer world cup 200 is gearing near, players have great opportunity to try hand in making lucrative bets. Losing with a small amount will not be a disaster,you can easily make other bets with more excitement and fun.
The real of of online soccer betting is not as simple as the flip of a coin which lets you decide outcome of the match.
Managing your betting amount is a crucial part to consider while you are placing soccer bets. However, despite of being an unpredictable affair betting lets you make huge money within a short span. Online betting websites are a great source which provide players with enriched betting odds, higher stakes and array of bets for novices as well experienced punters. Here you get trusted and reliable statistics, tables, betting tips and latest results that relates to football betting. Websites guides players about recommendable bookmakers, betting tips, free bets and bonuses which let the players to have a unique betting style.
Make your thoughts clear had have a strong base to make the most of this soccer betting season.
All of us are aware that betting is a risky affair,this unpredicted event can take you to deep profits and at the same time you can lose also. Both of the teams have unbeatable good players,but then you should make bets after doing plenty of research work,don’t just stick to one,play smartly. Making money from soccer betting is all the matter of taking advantage from the information. Generally people get excited and make bets for larger amount all the time,this can lead them to debts because bankroll emptied quite early
Other examples of props for non-team sports include what racing team will finish highest in a particular NASCAR race (Chevy, Ford or Dodge) or how many rounds will the fight between Mike Tyson and Kevin McBride last (Over/Under 8.5 rounds). These artificial matchups are also fake in the sense that bookmakers are the ones creating them – solely for betting purposes – and different books will often offer different matchups. In exchange for a lesser payout, field bettors gain the advantages of having more than one entrant that can win for them. An artificial head-to-head matchup involves competitors in an event like a golf tournament or auto race who are indirectly competing against each other since in reality they are competing against everybody in the field, not just one other competitor. For more information on how this works, be sure to check out How to Read the Money Line. Open tennis tournament, a reasonable money line would require Serena bettors to risk $400 to win $100 while a $100 bet on her opponent would win $360. These are not fixed and are adjusted by sportsbooks several times leading up to the event and are sometimes released months before an event. So be aware of all your wagering options and don’t miss out on the excitement non-team sports have to offer with prop betting!
Every $400 bet on Serena nets a $100 profit if she wins (plus the return of the $400 risked). Props, also known as exotic wagers, are also extremely popular on high-profile team sporting events like the Super Bowl in Las Vegas . If her opponent pulls off the upset, $100 bet on the underdog would profit $360 (plus the return of the $100 risked). The same holds true for major team sports like NFL and college football, NBA and college basketball and MLB baseball. Unlike team sports such as football, non-team sports also have multiple events over the course of a year, so “Betting to Win” obviously happens much more frequently than a once a year NFL futures bet on the Super Bowl winner does. Since golf and NASCAR both have pre-qualifying, not everybody makes the cut to the final day of competition, and these group matchups require all individuals to qualify in order to be eligible for action.
It is very important to note that not all the competitors in an event may be listed, so another betting option is on the “field” which includes all other competitors not listed. The two main ways of wagering on non-team sports are “Betting to Win” an event and “Matchup Betting” which pits an individual against another individual or a group of individuals.
Group matchups are another way “matchup betting” is used which is particularly popular in golf and auto racing events like NASCAR, where you can select whether a leading competitor or a few other lesser competitors will finisher higher amongst the group, with the odds again based on money lines. The odds on a “field” bet are typically comparable to a bet on the favorite in order to protect sportsbooks from taking a big hit if a major upset occurs. For example, betting on the 2006 Masters golf tournament now might get you much better value on Tiger Woods, who may be 10/1 at this moment but dip to 6/1 closer to the event if he is on a roll.
The main advantage of futures is that you can get appealing odds by betting far in advance of when the event takes place.
Betting sides and totals on major sports like baseball, basketball and football are the most common wagers available everywhere.
What will be the exact margin of victory
What player will score the game’s first touchdown
Before every major event in non-team sports like golf, tennis and auto racing, futures are set by oddsmakers.
Furthermore, a tennis match would be considered a tournament-style head-to-head matchup since the competitors involved directly play against each other in the event.
“Betting to Win” an outcome event like The Masters is the most common way to wager on individuals competing for a particular non-team title.
Proposition bets for non-team sports are not limited to “Betting to Win” an event and “Matchup Betting” but those are the primary ways to wager on them. For example, you can bet on:
Betting to Win
An example with team sports would be NFL futures, where you often can get much higher odds on a team by betting before the season starts. Here’s how the money line would be listed: Serena Williams -400 / #102 Ranked Opponent +360.
What team will win the coin toss
For example, if Serena Williams faced an overmatched opponent in the U.S.
For non-team sports like golf, boxing, tennis and NASCAR, “Matchup Betting” offers an alternative to simply betting on the event’s winner. “Matchup Betting” generally involves an individual going up against another individual in a head-to-head event, such as a tennis match, and the odds are determined using the money line. However, many sportsbooks also offer proposition bets (or props short) for gambling on non-team sports like golf, tennis, boxing and auto racing – including NASCAR – due to their growing popularity. A NFL future bet on a team to win the Super Bowl might be 20/1 in the preseason; but by midseason, their odds might decrease to 10/1 if they turn out to be legitimate championship contenders.
As you can see, there’s much more to betting than simply totals and sides, especially when it comes to gambling on non-team sports. The Imperial Palace Casino’s sportsbook is well-known for the enormous number of prop bets offered